Urinary incontinence

What is urinary incontinence?

  According to the International Association of bladder control:

Urinary incontinence is a condition that the loss of urine; clear social or health problem found and the leakage of urine is real and observable. of course the newer definition has been satisfied the involuntary loss of urine .

Urinary incontinence is a common problem, especially in middle-aged women , so that statistics announces its prevalence about 60% .

The disease generally means the patient complain of urinary incontinence and involuntary leakage and loss .

Urinary incontinence occurs due to involuntary contractions of the bladder muscle or occur due to excessive weakness muscle and pelvic tissues to resist the pressure within the bladder that has different types.

Some people do not know that there is appropriate procedures for urinary incontinence. many people are reluctant to talk about it, even if it had a significant impact on their lives. urinary incontinence can affect one's ability in the workplace. This problem can disrupt daily and normal activities people and prevent the carrying out of activities they enjoy it.

Did you know that:

Half of those affected do not consult with a specialist .

Female athletes of all ages during intense exercise sometimes they suffer from leakage of urine.

Women who have reached menopause often report control problems bladder .

 Most women are experiencing urinary leakage and exclusion while they are pregnant or after  giving birth. many women when they exercise, laugh, cough or sneeze they are experiencing urinary leakage.

About half of adult women say they have had urine leakage at least once or more. many women say they have had this problem every day. urine output common problem in older women. but this does not mean that it is a natural part of aging. you can cure it and control your bladder again .

There are various ways to treat incontinence. Consider many women are suffering from incontinence, that most of it is treatable and not age-related. if due to leakage of urine, you are using the pad , or for fear of leakage, you've limited your work and social activities, the diagnosis of urinary incontinence is definitive and should be treated.

In America, more than 13 million people are suffering from the loss of bladder control. women are affected two times of men . urinary incontinence is the second factor that cause putting up elderly to the home for the aged .  according to facts , 50% of residents of the places affected urinary incontinence.

Although the problems of bladder control occurs more in older women than the younger ones ,but the loss of bladder control is not always associated with aging. At all ages , the condition is treatable. Should not be allowed which shame and mental confusion prevents you visit the doctor. But you should know that this is a disease that needs treatment.

Although the number of patients with urinary incontinence in the elderly is estimated at about 80 percent, it's difficult estimates of the prevalence of the disease in young people . average time the risk of incontinence, before visiting a doctor, 9 years is estimated. It also found that only 3 percent of people see their doctor because of their disease .

Accurate diagnosis kind of urinary incontinence is the most important thing in successful treatment. if you visit an urologist doctor and explain completely signs to a doctor , He can establish type of urinary incontinence and it’s treatment , with the various tests including dipstick and bladder strips . and also to explain what cause it.

Existing treatments for urinary incontinence include:

:: Behavioral techniques (biofeedback, pelvic muscle rehabilitation, bladder retraining, weight loss plans and diet changes)

:: Vaginal training

:: Electrical Stimulation

:: medicines

:: Drag

:: Catheterization

:: implant

:: Nerve stimulation

:: Surgery

The most useful and most effective treatments pelvic floor muscle exercises (Kegel exercises ) is empowering the weak muscles.



Behavioral techniques


Behavioral treatments include pelvic muscle rehabilitation, bladder retraining, weight loss and diet changes are planned. pelvic muscle rehabilitation, including pelvic muscle exercises, biofeedback, electrical stimulation of the pelvic floor and vaginal education is. many women prefer choose the easiest way in the first time . Kegel exercises are used to strengthen the pelvic muscles. and do not require any special equipment.


Electrical Stimulation

  In pelvic floor electrical stimulation used a series of electrodes that are placed in the vagina or rectum. and through them ,electrical pulse enters these areas. these pulses cause muscle contraction and consolidate power pelvic floor muscles .



  No drug is approved for the treatment of urinary incontinence pressure. Despite this, some medications prescribed to treat this problem including : ephedrine, pseudephedrine , Phenyl Propranolamine , Hydrochloride and imipramyd . if you have overactive bladder your doctor will give you medications to calm the muscles and  their nerves . The drugs are used to treat , it can cause dry eyes, mouth and constipation . some drugs reduce overactive bladder contractions. Some relax muscles and cause the urine in the bladder is completely empty. The others one close muscles at the bladder neck and urethra and prevents urine output and some especially hormones such as estrogen cause the muscles to work properly urinating. some of these drugs if used long term , will have serious side effects. drugs that are recommended for the treatment of urgent incontinence including : Hydrochloride and imipramine , Hyoscyamine sulfate, propantheline, Oxybutynin hydrochloride dicyclomine flavoxate hydrochloride . tolterodine (Detrol®), a new drug for the treatment of this problem is becoming more popular. If the patient is postmenopausal and her urinary incontinence is cause thinning or drying the walls of the urethra , vaginal estrogen cream can be helpful.


Urinary incontinence and biofeedback:

The use of biofeedback for the treatment of urinary incontinence goes back to 1940, when Arnold Kegel's  , gynecologist , used tools and electrical appliances for  assessment and provide a method to contract the pelvic muscles.

Pelvic muscle exercises:

   In 1984 , Arnold Kegel explained pelvic exercises as a way to treat stress urinary incontinence. Pelvic floor muscles are deeply placed and  strengthening them , can control the flow of urine better . these exercises  also known as Kegel exercises, are simple exercises to strengthen the muscles around the urethra.

In order to get the best result , you can use pelvic muscle trainer device and strengthen your pelvic floor muscles . not recommended for outpatient  and surgical treatments.

A healthy life with proper nutrition and adequate physical activity of adolescence for girls and proper exercise in post-marriage and pregnancy , could be preventing urinary incontinence in the elderly. a diet full of vitamin C strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and prevent urinary incontinence.